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IMO987E Standard Marine Communication Phrases 2002

IMO987E Standard Marine Communication Phrases 2002

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IMO987E Standard Marine Communication Phrases 2002 - PRINTED PUBLICATION 

As navigational and safety communications from ship to shore and vice versa, from ship to ship, and on board ship must be precise, simple and unambiguous so as to avoid confusion and error, there is a need to standardize the language used.
Under the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, as revised in 1995, the ability to use and understand the IMO SMCP is required for the certification of officers in charge of a navigational watch on ships of 500 gross tonnage or more.